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Interaction between DNA and Cationic Amphiphiles: A Multi-Technique Study

Research Area: Uncategorized Year: 2010
Type of Publication: Article
Authors:
Journal: LANGMUIR Volume: 26
Number: 11 Pages: 7885-7892
Month: JUN 1
ISSN: 0743-7463
Abstract:
The interaction of cationic amphiphiles with calf thymus DNA has been investigated by physicochemical techniques (surface tension, conductometry, UV spectroscopy, thermal denaturation) and morphological microscopies (A FM and TEM). The cationic molecules were the amphiphiles cetyltrimethylammonium and cetyltributylammonium bromides (CIAB and CTBAB, respectively), compared to the nonamphiphilic tetramethyl- and tetrabutylammonium bromides (TMAB and TBAB, respectively) and, as a transfection-efficient comparison, a commercial poliethyleneimine (PEI). As a result, well below their critical micelle concentrations (cmc), CIAB and CTBAB showed a peculiar, nonlinear adsorption profile with the nucleic acid, which showed a correlation with the melting temperatures and morphological changes observed with A FM and TEM microscopies. On the other hand, TMAB and TBAB interact much less with the DNA duplexes and do not induce any modifications of the structures. The same behavior was observed with PEI; however, CTAB and CTBAB proved much less effective in condensing the nucleic acid.
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