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Quantification of drug amorphous fraction by DSC

Research Area: Uncategorized Year: 2007
Type of Publication: Article
Authors:
Journal: JOURNAL OF THERMAL ANALYSIS AND CALORIMETRY Volume: 89
Number: 3 Pages: 761-766
Month: September
ISSN: 1388-6150
Abstract:
The processes of production of drugs and dosage forms in the solid state often cause unwanted transformation of portions of the substances into amorphous state, with significant changes of properties such as stability and bio-availability. When this amorphous fraction is of the order of a few percent, it usually goes unnoticed, but it should be accurately determined within a quality control system. In this work, we consider a model drug, perphenazine, where partial amorphisation may be induced by standard mechanical treatments. We show that Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) leads to consistent estimations of the amorphous fractions induced by the treatment. Furthermore, DSC also yields the expected amounts of amorphous perphenazine when analysing known mixtures of perfectly crystalline samples (untreated) and partially amorphous samples (treated). We show that even amorphous fractions of the order of 1% are accurately estimated by our method.
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