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Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors: Synthesis and inhibition of the human carbonic anhydrase isoforms I, II, IX and XII with benzene sulfonamides incorporating 4- and 3-nitrophthalimide moieties

Research Area: Uncategorized Year: 2014
Type of Publication: Article
Authors:
  • K. K. a Sethi
  • S. M. a Verma
  • M. b c Tanç
  • G. c Purper
  • G. c Calafato
  • Fabrizio Carta
  • Claudiu Supuran
Journal: Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Volume: 22
Number: 5 Pages: 1586-1595
Note:
cited By (since 1996)0
Abstract:
A series of 4 and 5 nitro-1,3-dioxoisoindolin-2-yl benzenesulfonamide derivatives (compounds 1-8) was synthesized by reaction of benzenesulfonamide derivatives with 4 and 3-nitrophthalic anhydrides. These new sulfonamides were investigated as inhibitors of the zinc metalloenzyme carbonic anhydrase (CA, EC 4.2.1.1) and more specifically against the human (h) cytosolic isoforms hCA I and II and the transmembrane, tumor-associated hCA IX and XII. Most of the novel compounds were medium potency-weak hCA I inhibitors (Kis in the range of 295-10,000 nM), but were more effective hCA II inhibitors (K is of 1.7-887 nM). The tumor-associated hCA IX was also inhibited, with Kis in the micromolar range, whereas against hCA XII the inhibition constants were in the range of 90-3746 nM. The structure-activity relationship (SAR) with this series of sulfonamides is straightforward, with the main features leading to good activity for each isoforms being established. The high sequence hCA alignment homology and molecular docking studies was performed in order to rationalize the activities reported and binding mode to different hCA as inhibitors. © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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