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High-performance and anti-stain coating for porcelain stoneware tiles based on nanostructured zirconium compounds

Research Area: Uncategorized Year: 2014
Type of Publication: Article
Authors:
Journal: JOURNAL OF COLLOID AND INTERFACE SCIENCE Volume: 432
Pages: 117-127
Month: OCT 15
ISSN: 0021-9797
Abstract:
The technological characteristics of porcelain stoneware tiles make them suitable for a wide range of applications spanning far beyond traditional uses. Due to the high density, porcelain stoneware tiles show high bending strength, wear resistance, surface hardness, and high fracture toughness. Nevertheless, despite being usually claimed as stain resistant, the surface porosity renders porcelain stoneware tiles vulnerable to dirt penetration with the formation of stains that can be very difficult to remove. In the present work, we report an innovative and versatile method to realize stain resistant porcelain stoneware tiles. The tile surface is treated by mixtures of nanosized zirconium hydroxide and nano- and micron-sized glass frits that thanks to the low particle dimension are able to penetrate inside the surface pores. The firing step leads to the formation of a glass matrix that can partially or totally close the surface porosity. As a result, the fired tiles become permanently stain resistant still preserving the original esthetical qualities of the original material. Treated tiles also show a remarkably enhanced hardness due to the inclusion of zirconium compounds in the glass coating. (C) 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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